Diabetes is a complicated disease that comes in several different forms. The first form is Type I diabetes, where the body and the pancreas do not produce insulin, leaving the sufferer unable to process the glucose or blood sugar levels in the body. This type of diabetes usually shows up in childhood, explaining its former name of juvenile onset diabetes. The second type of diabetes, Type II diabetes, can show up at any time in the sufferer’s life, and is becoming more and more common among both adults and children.
Diabetes Type Two is different from Type I diabetes. Where the body produces no insulin with Type I, with Type II, insulin is produced by the pancreas and present in the blood, but the body is unable to process it or respond to it correctly, resulting in many complications. There are many risk factors for Type II diabetes, such as a high fat and otherwise unhealthy diet, being overweight, a sedentary lifestyle without much in the way of exercise, high cholesterol, a family history of diabetes, and a history of gestational diabetes (diabetes that develops in a pregnant woman during pregnancy.)
Where Type I diabetes must be treated with insulin injections, Type II diabetes can often be treated, managed, and controlled via other means. Since there is insulin in the body, what the diabetic must do is make his or her body more able to respond to it and process it. What will often achieve this is a new, healthier diet and a change in lifestyle that includes more exercise. A healthier diet that cuts down on carbohydrates and refined starches and sugars will not only help the diabetic lose weight, but also help with blood sugar levels. Exercise also helps the diabetic lose weight and improves the way the body handles the insulin.