Blood pressure is a measurement of the force applied to the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps blood through the body. The pressure is determined by the force and amount of blood pumped, and the size and flexibility of the arteries.
Blood pressure is continually changing depending on activity, temperature, diet, emotional state, posture, physical state, and medication use.
Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against blood vessel walls. The heart pumps blood into the arteries (blood vessels), which carry the blood throughout the body. High blood pressure, also called hypertension, is dangerous because it makes the heart work harder to pump blood to the body and it contributes to hardening of the arteries or atherosclerosis and the development of heart failure.
The heart pumps blood into the arteries with enough force to push blood to the far reaches of each organ from the top of the head to the bottom of the feet. Blood pressure can be defined as the pressure of blood on the walls of the arteries as it circulates through the body. Blood pressure is highest as its leaves the heart through the aorta and gradually decreases as it enters smaller and smaller blood vessels (arteries, arterioles, and capillaries). Blood returns in the veins leading to the heart, aided by gravity and muscle contraction.
High blood pressure (HBP) or hypertension means high pressure (tension) in the arteries. Arteries are vessels that carry blood from the pumping heart to all the tissues and organs of the body.
The most common high blood pressure symptoms that people experience is frequent headaches and dizziness, however high blood pressure symptoms are often not noticed at all.
Even if you did feel these things, the truth is they may not be symptoms of high blood pressure. That’s why it is important to monitor your blood pressure regularly. If you know your blood pressure is too high, you can do something about it.
High blood pressure does not usually cause any obvious symptoms. As a result, it is known as the ‘silent killer’.
The only way to find out whether you have high blood pressure is to have your blood pressure checked regularly.
Symptoms can occur in rare cases where a person has a very high blood pressure level. The symptoms may include
Lose weight. This is one of those things that is a lot easier said than done. However with a continued effort on your part you will begin losing the weight.
Increase the amount of water you drink to about 10-12 glasses a day. Drink water before every meal to help you feel full faster.
Eat smaller portions more frequently. Only eat until you are no longer hungry instead of eating until you are full.
Walk, jog, run, bike ride, play ball. Anything that will get you moving should be done. Start off slow and gradually increase your activity.
Most people with high blood pressure will eventually need to take blood pressure medication to help lower it.
It isn’t always easy to accept high blood pressure treatment, especially if you don’t feel ill. However, your medicines are doing an important job in helping to lower your risk of a stroke or heart attack.